Exploring the Countries with the Largest Homeless Populations

Homelessness is a complex issue that affects millions of individuals worldwide, transcending borders and impacting societies on multiple levels. While efforts to combat homelessness vary from country to country, understanding the scale of the problem is crucial for implementing effective solutions. Let's delve into the countries with the largest homeless populations.

1. Philippines: 4,500,000

The Philippines contends with a sizable homeless population, with estimates ranging from 1.2 million to over 4 million individuals lacking adequate shelter. Urbanization, poverty, and natural disasters like typhoons contribute to homelessness in the Philippines, particularly in densely populated urban areas such as Metro Manila.

2. Yemen: 3,858,000

Yemen faces significant challenges related to homelessness, with an estimated 3.85 million people lacking stable housing. Ongoing conflict, economic instability, and humanitarian crises have exacerbated homelessness in Yemen, with millions displaced and living in precarious conditions.

3. Indonesia: 3,000,000

Indonesia faces challenges related to homelessness, with significant numbers of individuals living on the streets or in slum areas. While precise figures are difficult to ascertain, estimates suggest that millions of Indonesians lack adequate housing. Urbanization, poverty, and natural disasters exacerbate the homelessness crisis in Indonesia.

4. Somalia: 2,968,000

Somalia contends with a large homeless population, with nearly 3 million individuals lacking stable housing. Conflict, political instability, and recurrent droughts have contributed to homelessness in Somalia, with many displaced within the country or seeking refuge in neighboring countries.

5. Sudan: 2,730,000

Sudan struggles with homelessness, with an estimated 2.73 million people lacking adequate shelter. Political instability, conflict, and economic challenges have fueled homelessness in Sudan, particularly in regions affected by violence and displacement.

6. Ethiopia: 2,693,000

Ethiopia faces significant challenges related to homelessness, with an estimated 2.69 million individuals lacking stable housing. Poverty, food insecurity, and displacement due to conflict and natural disasters contribute to homelessness in Ethiopia, particularly in rural areas and urban centers like Addis Ababa.

7. China: 2,579,000

China faces a growing homelessness problem, particularly in its rapidly expanding urban areas. While official statistics are scarce, estimates suggest that over 2.5 million people in China are homeless or living in inadequate housing conditions. Rural-to-urban migration, unemployment, and socioeconomic disparities fuel homelessness in China.

Egypt 2,000,000
India 1,770,000
South Sudan 1,542,000
DR Congo 1,500,000
Iraq 1,224,000
Zimbabwe 1,200,000
Cameroon 1,033,000
Mozambique 769,000
Azerbaijan 735,000
Ukraine 734,240
Peru 700,000
Burkina Faso 700,000
Central African Republic 686,200
United States 653,104
Ethiopia 600,000
Uganda 500,000
Guatemala 475,000
United Kingdom 380,000
Chad 342,680
Mali 332,700
France 330,000
Georgia 304,010
Brazil 281,000
Libya 278,000
Germany 262,600
Canada 235,000
South Africa 200,000
Vietnam 162,000
Honduras 150,000
Australia 122,494
Indonesia 122,000
New Zealand 102,123
Ghana 100,000
Italy 96,197
Turkey 70,000
Mexico 40,911
Syria 40,500
Greece 40,000
Haiti 37,867
Sweden 33,269
Netherlands 32,000
Albania 32,000
Poland 30,330
Hungary 30,000
Spain 28,552
Czech Republic 23,830
Austria 22,580
Kenya 20,095
Serbia 20,000
Iran 15,000
Togo 15,000
Chile 14,013
Belgium 13,524
Colombia 13,252
Ireland 11,632
South Korea 11,340
Russia 11,285
Slovakia 10,661
Portugal 9,604
Denmark 5,789
Latvia 5,644
Kazakhstan 5,500
Finland 4,114
Lithuania 4,009
Israel 3,471
Costa Rica 3,387
Norway 3,325
Japan 3,065
Romania 2,976
Thailand 2,700
Switzerland 2,200
Croatia 2,000
Hong Kong 1,800
Estonia 1,068
Slovenia 1,047
Singapore 1,036
Luxembourg 420
Iceland 349
Malta 236
Ivory Coast 117
Grenada 68


Homelessness is a pervasive issue affecting countries around the globe, with millions of individuals lacking stable housing and facing myriad challenges. While the countries listed here have some of the largest homeless populations, it's essential to recognize that homelessness is a multifaceted issue shaped by a variety of social, economic, and political factors. Addressing homelessness requires comprehensive strategies that encompass affordable housing, social services, mental health support, and efforts to combat poverty and inequality on a global scale.